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Steiner Tree Dreyfus Wagner

Problem definition.

In the Steiner tree problem we are given the set of nonterminals, the set of terminals and the metric m. Our goal is to find a minimum cost tree connecting all terminals (it can possibly contain some nonterminal nodes).


This algorithm solves exact SteinerTree problem in exponential time in respect of number of terminals. Not an approximation algorithm by itself, it is used to solve subproblems in many other algorithms.


#include "test/test_utils/sample_graph.hpp"
#include <boost/range/algorithm/copy.hpp>
#include <iostream>
int main() {
// prepare metric
typedef sample_graphs_metrics SGM;
auto gm = SGM::get_graph_metric_steiner();
// prepare terminals and Steiner vertices
std::vector<int> terminals = { SGM::A, SGM::B, SGM::C, SGM::D };
std::vector<int> nonterminals = { SGM::E };
// run algorithm
auto dw =
paal::make_dreyfus_wagner(gm, terminals, nonterminals);
// print result
std::cout << "Cost = " << dw.get_cost() << std::endl;
std::cout << "Steiner points:" << std::endl;
std::ostream_iterator<int>(std::cout, "\n"));
std::cout << "Edges:" << std::endl;
for (auto edge : dw.get_edges()) {
std::cout << "(" << edge.first << "," << edge.second << ")"
<< std::endl;
return 0;

example file is dreyfus_wagner_example.cpp


Complexity of the algorithm is \(O(3^{|T|} * |V| + 2^{|T|} * |V|^2)\), where T is the set of terminals.


The algorithm is described in the [7].

See Also